In April the Iowa Supreme Court overturned a state law that barred gay marriage, and soon afterward the legislatures of Vermont , Maine , and New Hampshire legalized same-sex marriage—though in November Maine voters repealed the law. In some such countries, including the United States , consensus on this issue was difficult to reach. Scholars and the general public became increasingly interested in the issue during the late 20th century, a period when attitudes toward homosexuality and laws regulating homosexual behaviour were liberalized, particularly in western Europe and the United States. In Denmark became the first country to establish registered partnerships—an attenuated version of marriage—for same-sex couples. Hide Caption 11 of 33 Photos: States where gay marriage. The Vermont legislature overrides Gov.
Officials in some smaller jurisdictions, notably San Francisco, joined the controversy in early by issuing marriage licenses in defiance of local prohibitions; these licenses were later found to be invalid. The date marked the first day that all of Illinois' counties could begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Hide Caption 21 of 33 Photos: Later in the year, however, California voters approve a constitutional amendment known as Proposition 8 banning same-sex marriage. The state, in turn, argued that it had a compelling interest in preventing same-sex marriage, as that practice would inherently damage the public good. Belgium and Spain had legalized same-sex marriage, for instance, despite official opposition from their predominant religious institution, the Roman Catholic Church. The law was challenged, but voters approved marriage equality in a November referendum. My generation was bitterly divided over something that should have been so clear and right. Florida began allowing same-sex marriages after a federal judge struck down the state's ban. Hide Caption 2 of 33 Photos: But, as you know, courts have always been strategic. Among the more common forms so documented were common-law marriage ; morganatic marriage , in which titles and property do not pass to children; exchange marriage , in which a sister and a brother from one family marry a brother and a sister from another; and group marriages based on polygyny co-wives or polyandry co-husbands. Thereafter, South Africa and Argentina were the first African and Latin American countries, respectively, to legalize same-sex marriage. In such societies, the possibility of arrest or institutionalization further reinforced taboos on same-sex intimacy and discussions thereof, typically driving such activities underground. Cultures that openly accepted homosexuality, of which there were many, generally had nonmarital categories of partnership through which such bonds could be expressed and socially regulated. They often proscribed behaviours that other countries viewed as subject to moral, rather than legal, regulation. United States In the United States the question of whether couples of the same sex should be allowed to marry has roiled politics since at least Voters in Arizona reject a constitutional amendment that would have banned same-sex marriage, marking the first time such a measure has been rejected by voters. Supreme Court on June 26, Notably, however, by the beginning of the 21st century most countries opted for one of only three legal resolutions to these intersecting problems: Barack Obama , who during his initial years in office had endorsed only civil unions for same-sex couples, in May became the first sitting U. In June, in Obergefell v. From this perspective, the devaluation of same-sex intimacy is immoral because it constitutes arbitrary and irrational discrimination , thereby damaging the community. Religious and secular expectations of marriage and sexuality Over time the historical and traditional cultures originally recorded by the likes of Bachofen and Morgan slowly succumbed to the homogenization imposed by colonialism. In early bills allowing for same-sex marriage were passed by legislatures in Maryland and Washington state. Hide Caption 1 of 33 Photos: Rambo and Seaton were the first same-sex couple to be granted a marriage license in Eureka Springs after a judge overturned Amendment 83, which banned same-sex marriage in Arkansas.
Video about same sex marriages in states 2009:
The moment after US Supreme court same-sex marriage decision - BBC News
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