BV is the most common vaginal infection affecting young women. Bacterial vaginosis is a very common infection, but some simple preventive steps can help reduce your risk. The vagina contains mostly "good" bacteria and some harmful bacteria. There's a careful balance between the good and bad bacteria that live in the vagina, and when that balance is disrupted, bacterial vaginosis can occur. Sixteen percent of expectant mothers in the United States have bacterial vaginosis. Treatment of male sexual partners is generally not recommended. Male partners do not usually need treatment, but they can spread BV between female sex partners. Reliability of diagnosing bacterial vaginosis is improved by a standardized method of gram stain interpretation.
A vagina should contain bacteria called lactobacilli. Why this happens is not clear. BV is the vaginal infection most likely to affect women between the ages of 15 and 44 years. Girls who've never had sex also can get it. Complications Complications that have been linked to BV include a higher risk of: Greater risk of other sexually transmitted infection Women who have bacterial vaginosis are at greater risk of getting HIV , gonorrhea , and chlamydia. But those who do might notice: If there is an abnormal vaginal discharge, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Treating BV The usual treatment for BV is prescription antibiotics pills, vaginal creams, or suppositories. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. If the previous treatment was by mouth, vaginal treatment might work better the second time, and if the first treatment was vaginal, the follow-up treatment should be by mouth. If the newborn survives, they have a higher risk of cerebral palsy. Bacterial vaginosis may cause pain, itching, and a bad-smelling discharge. Prevention Bacterial vaginosis can't always be prevented, but you can reduce your risk of getting the infection and spreading it by being in a monogamous relationship, as well as by using condoms. If a girl is having sex, her male sex partners probably won't have to get treated, but female partners will. A swab or small plastic loop can be used to collect sample cells from the vaginal wall. Suppressive antibacterial therapy with 0. These are not caused by bacteria The role of bacteria All parts of the body have bacteria, but some are beneficial while others are harmful. High recurrence rates of bacterial vaginosis over the course of 12 months after oral metronidazole therapy and factors associated with recurrence. Some home remedies are suggested, but anyone with symptoms should see a doctor. It's usually possible to diagnose BV without doing an internal pelvic exam. BV is the most common vaginal infection affecting young women. Risk factors for acquisition of bacterial vaginosis include sexual activity, absence of hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli, black race, and positive herpes simplex virus type 2 serology. Intravaginal metronidazole gel versus metronidazole plus nystatin ovules for bacterial vaginosis: Reliability of diagnosing bacterial vaginosis is improved by a standardized method of gram stain interpretation. There are several possibilities that might explain this observation. Am J Reprod Immunol.
Video about bacterial vaginosis and sex:
How I Naturally Cured My Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) *Requested* (part 1)
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